How we approach plant transformation

Okanagan Specialty Fruits uses a number of different approaches to genetically transform different fruit species and varieties. To genetically modify fruit, we use plant tissue predisposed to transformation. This may be from leaf pieces (meristematic tissue) or from plant embryos (seed-derived tissue). 

Developers of agricultural biotechnology products frequently use plant selection genes to help differentiate the transgenic events after transformation. Sometimes, marker-free approaches are also used. The flow diagram below illustrates a general plant transformation approach.

For more information on the transformation process for our nonbrowning Arctic® apples specifically, you can view the relevant sections of the detailed petition for deregulation we submitted to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

plant transformation process
plant transformation process

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